Intellectual Property Registration & Administration
Registered Intellectual Property (IP) are rights given to creators for their creations of the mind. These rights are exclusive and are legally recognized, giving them authority over their otherwise intangible assets. In Singapore, innovators, business owners, and creative artists have the privilege to apply for IP rights, granting them legal ownership over their creations.
Common types of IP include patents, trademarks, copyrights, registered designs, layout-designs of integrated circuits, geographical indications, plant varieties protection, and domain names. These will be further explained in the table as follows:
Types of Intellectual Property
|Type of IP||Who is entitled to it?||What is it?||Benefits of Registering the IP|
|Patent||Innovators||A right granted to an inventor to prevent the make, use, sales or import of the invention without prior permission.|
It can be a product, a process, or an improvement.
|Trade mark||Business owners||A sign that is used to distinguish a business from its competitors. It is used to protect a brand by preventing other companies from using a similar name or logo.|
|Copyright||Creative artistes||A right granted to the creator to reproduce, communicate, publish, perform and adapt the original work.|
Works include literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, audio and visual productions.
|Registered Design||Innovators, Creative artistes||A right granted to the creator over the external appearance of an industrially created product (>50 pcs via industrial application process).|
|Layout-design of an Integrated Circuit||Innovators||A right over the three-dimensional design, including the elements and interconnections, of an integrated circuit (silicon chip).|
|Trade Secrets||Innovators||A piece of information that is highly valued by the company which is not made available to the public and is only known to key individuals within the company.|
|Geographical Indication||Business owners||A locational sign that identifies a particular characteristic and place of origin of a product, i.e. Katong Laksa, Singapore Sling, Roquefort cheese, Tequila (Mexico).|
It may also be registered as a trademark.
|Plant Varieties Protection||Botanists||A right over new plant varieties, such as through breeding.|
It must be a plant group within a single botanical taxon of the lowest rank.
|Domain Names||Any website owner||A text address leading to the location of a specific document on the internet, not to be confused with an URL.|
The .sg domain has 9 extensions:
.sg, com.sg, org.sg, edu.sg, gov.sg, net.sg, per.sg, .新加坡, .சிங்கப்பூர்
IP Legislation (Acts, Rules, and Regulations):
IP Guidelines and additional information:
ASEAN IP related links:
ASEAN IP Portal @ http://www.aseanip.org/